Server Installation

Installing Ubuntu Server

Insert the bootable Media and ensure that the machine will read from it during boot. Select the Language you desire and then Install Ubuntu Server. Again you are prompted for language but this is the installation language rather than the page instructions, key up or down and then press Enter, select your country and then select Yes to detect the keyboard layout before following the instructions. Once you are happy that the correct keyboard layout has been generated, click Continue, give your server a name and click Continue. Enter the Name of the User you wish to create, followed by the Username and hit Continue for each. Enter a Password for the user and click Continue, then enter the Password again to confirm it and hit Continue, before selecting No for home directory encryption (this option is up to you). Next is the Time Zone setting, if you are happy with what is preset, select Yes, if not click no and correct it appropriately.

Next is the Partition configuration, press  Enter to continue with the default “Guided – use entire disk and set LVM”, select the partition you wish to use and press Enter. If you are happy to write the changes you have opted for, select Yes and then press Enter, confirm the amount of the disk you wish to use by pressing Enter. Confirm changes and write to disk by selecting Yes and pressing Enter. Enter your Proxy details if necessary or leave blank if you don’t need it and press Enter. Select how you want to keep your system up to date, in this guide I have opted for No automatic updates and press Enter.

Now the basic install is nearly over, you can select which elements you want to add to your Server but essentially you have a Server ready to install whatever you wish onto it. I personally like to add OpenSSH server so as to be able to work from a machine of my choice rather than from the device itself. Select all that you wish to by pressing spacebar and then pres Enter. Next choose Yes and press Enter to install the GRUB boot loader on the hard disk. Press Continue to finish and reboot the machine but make sure you remove the installation media before you do so.

Once booted, log in to the user you chose at the beginning of the installation and run sudo apt-get update, if you installed the most up to date distribution this should run without a hitch. For good measure, run sudo apt-get upgrade and the relevant software upgrades will now be installed. The server is now ready to be manipulated to whatever use you have planned for it, run ifconfig and note the IP address so that you can SSH into it from your desk.

Small Business Server 2011 – Installing

Insert the CD and power on the server, ensuring that it is set to boot from CD/DVD. Allow the software to run and continue until you are presented with an “Install Windows” dialogue box, select your language settings (in my case English UK) and ensure it is correct for your keyboard before clicking Next. Another screen should now ask if you want to Install or repair, click  Install Now. Setup will then present the license terms and ask you to confirm by ticking the accept box and then clicking Next. The next stage of installation is to choose whether to upgrade or custom, in this case it is custom as it is a fresh install, you will then be asked about what disk to use, no change should be necessary so click Next. Windows will then run through its own checklist, your system specs will decide how long this takes.

Now SBS 2011 needs to be configured and asks if it should be part of a migration or clean install, in this case tick Clean Install and click Next. Provided your hardware meets the minimum standards, if however there is an issue it will tell you what needs to be resolved. Verify the time and click Next, at this point you need to choose whether to automatically detect network settings or set them manually, in this case I shall set automatic and click Next. Now select your update method, I will select the recommended setting of keep uptodate.

Following a brief process you will then be asked to enter your company details before clicking Next. Then your chosen server name and the internal domain name need to be set, bear in mind that you will not be able to change this once committed, click Next. After a short time you will be asked to enter your administrators details, note the account “Administrator” is already a provisioned account and cannot be used, click Next. A summary screen will then be presented and a final warning that domain details cannot be altered, if you are happy with what is stated click Next. Configuration will take quite some time but will eventually present a “Installation Finished” window, where any errors will then also be displayed, if there are any just click to view them and try and resolve them as you see them.

SBS 2011 is now installed, though will need some configuring to bring it up to scratch. You are now presented with the standard console where the configuration can be manipulated to fit your needs.

Installing Server 2012

Insert the installation media and boot the device, ensuring the device is set to boot from the appropriate drive.

Select the appropriate install language and then the time/currency format, the keyboard should then auto set but can be changed if needed. Click Next .

Click Install Now.

Select which version of Server 2012 you wish to install, eg Standard or Datacenter and then either Core or GUI and Click Next .

Read the License Terms and tick the acceptance box (bottom left) and Click Next .

Choose whether to do an upgrade or custom, in this case we select custom as it is a fresh install.

Select the drive you wish to use for the installation, we are going to use the full drive of one partition and Click Next .

Windows will begin its’ setup process and may take a while depending on your system. After a while all of the tasks will be ticked and the system will restart, alternatively if you are in a hurryClick Restart Now .

On reboot you may be asked to change the password for the Administrator. Enter your password once in each box to confirm no errors and Finish, then Windows will finalise the installation. You will then be faced with the server 2012 screen and will need to press ctrl+alt+delete to enter your password. Server 2012 is now installed in its base configuration.